Source code for site

"""Append module search paths for third-party packages to sys.path.

* This module is automatically imported during initialization. *

This will append site-specific paths to the module search path.  On
Unix (including Mac OSX), it starts with sys.prefix and
sys.exec_prefix (if different) and appends
On other platforms (such as Windows), it tries each of the
prefixes directly, as well as with lib/site-packages appended.  The
resulting directories, if they exist, are appended to sys.path, and
also inspected for path configuration files.

If a file named "pyvenv.cfg" exists one directory above sys.executable,
sys.prefix and sys.exec_prefix are set to that directory and
it is also checked for site-packages (sys.base_prefix and
sys.base_exec_prefix will always be the "real" prefixes of the Python
installation). If "pyvenv.cfg" (a bootstrap configuration file) contains
the key "include-system-site-packages" set to anything other than "false"
(case-insensitive), the system-level prefixes will still also be
searched for site-packages; otherwise they won't.

All of the resulting site-specific directories, if they exist, are
appended to sys.path, and also inspected for path configuration

A path configuration file is a file whose name has the form
<package>.pth; its contents are additional directories (one per line)
to be added to sys.path.  Non-existing directories (or
non-directories) are never added to sys.path; no directory is added to
sys.path more than once.  Blank lines and lines beginning with
'#' are skipped. Lines starting with 'import' are executed.

For example, suppose sys.prefix and sys.exec_prefix are set to
/usr/local and there is a directory /usr/local/lib/python2.5/site-packages
with three subdirectories, foo, bar and spam, and two path
configuration files, foo.pth and bar.pth.  Assume foo.pth contains the

  # foo package configuration

and bar.pth contains:

  # bar package configuration

Then the following directories are added to sys.path, in this order:


Note that bletch is omitted because it doesn't exist; bar precedes foo
because bar.pth comes alphabetically before foo.pth; and spam is
omitted because it is not mentioned in either path configuration file.

The readline module is also automatically configured to enable
completion for systems that support it.  This can be overridden in
sitecustomize, usercustomize or PYTHONSTARTUP.  Starting Python in
isolated mode (-I) disables automatic readline configuration.

After these operations, an attempt is made to import a module
named sitecustomize, which can perform arbitrary additional
site-specific customizations.  If this import fails with an
ImportError exception, it is silently ignored.

import sys
import os
import builtins
import _sitebuiltins
import io

# Prefixes for site-packages; add additional prefixes like /usr/local here
PREFIXES = [sys.prefix, sys.exec_prefix]
# Enable per user site-packages directory
# set it to False to disable the feature or True to force the feature

# for distutils.commands.install
# These values are initialized by the getuserbase() and getusersitepackages()
# functions, through the main() function when Python starts.

[docs]def makepath(*paths): dir = os.path.join(*paths) try: dir = os.path.abspath(dir) except OSError: pass return dir, os.path.normcase(dir)
[docs]def abs_paths(): """Set all module __file__ and __cached__ attributes to an absolute path""" for m in set(sys.modules.values()): if (getattr(getattr(m, '__loader__', None), '__module__', None) not in ('_frozen_importlib', '_frozen_importlib_external')): continue # don't mess with a PEP 302-supplied __file__ try: m.__file__ = os.path.abspath(m.__file__) except (AttributeError, OSError, TypeError): pass try: m.__cached__ = os.path.abspath(m.__cached__) except (AttributeError, OSError, TypeError): pass
[docs]def removeduppaths(): """ Remove duplicate entries from sys.path along with making them absolute""" # This ensures that the initial path provided by the interpreter contains # only absolute pathnames, even if we're running from the build directory. L = [] known_paths = set() for dir in sys.path: # Filter out duplicate paths (on case-insensitive file systems also # if they only differ in case); turn relative paths into absolute # paths. dir, dircase = makepath(dir) if dircase not in known_paths: L.append(dir) known_paths.add(dircase) sys.path[:] = L return known_paths
def _init_pathinfo(): """Return a set containing all existing file system items from sys.path.""" d = set() for item in sys.path: try: if os.path.exists(item): _, itemcase = makepath(item) d.add(itemcase) except TypeError: continue return d
[docs]def addpackage(sitedir, name, known_paths): """Process a .pth file within the site-packages directory: For each line in the file, either combine it with sitedir to a path and add that to known_paths, or execute it if it starts with 'import '. """ if known_paths is None: known_paths = _init_pathinfo() reset = True else: reset = False fullname = os.path.join(sitedir, name) try: f = io.TextIOWrapper(io.open_code(fullname)) except OSError: return with f: for n, line in enumerate(f): if line.startswith("#"): continue try: if line.startswith(("import ", "import\t")): exec(line) continue line = line.rstrip() dir, dircase = makepath(sitedir, line) if not dircase in known_paths and os.path.exists(dir): sys.path.append(dir) known_paths.add(dircase) except Exception: print("Error processing line {:d} of {}:\n".format(n+1, fullname), file=sys.stderr) import traceback for record in traceback.format_exception(*sys.exc_info()): for line in record.splitlines(): print(' '+line, file=sys.stderr) print("\nRemainder of file ignored", file=sys.stderr) break if reset: known_paths = None return known_paths
[docs]def addsitedir(sitedir, known_paths=None): """Add 'sitedir' argument to sys.path if missing and handle .pth files in 'sitedir'""" if known_paths is None: known_paths = _init_pathinfo() reset = True else: reset = False sitedir, sitedircase = makepath(sitedir) if not sitedircase in known_paths: sys.path.append(sitedir) # Add path component known_paths.add(sitedircase) try: names = os.listdir(sitedir) except OSError: return names = [name for name in names if name.endswith(".pth")] for name in sorted(names): addpackage(sitedir, name, known_paths) if reset: known_paths = None return known_paths
[docs]def check_enableusersite(): """Check if user site directory is safe for inclusion The function tests for the command line flag (including environment var), process uid/gid equal to effective uid/gid. None: Disabled for security reasons False: Disabled by user (command line option) True: Safe and enabled """ if sys.flags.no_user_site: return False if hasattr(os, "getuid") and hasattr(os, "geteuid"): # check process uid == effective uid if os.geteuid() != os.getuid(): return None if hasattr(os, "getgid") and hasattr(os, "getegid"): # check process gid == effective gid if os.getegid() != os.getgid(): return None return True
# NOTE: sysconfig and it's dependencies are relatively large but site module # needs very limited part of them. # To speedup startup time, we have copy of them. # # See # Copy of sysconfig._getuserbase() def _getuserbase(): env_base = os.environ.get("PYTHONUSERBASE", None) if env_base: return env_base def joinuser(*args): return os.path.expanduser(os.path.join(*args)) if == "nt": base = os.environ.get("APPDATA") or "~" return joinuser(base, "Python") if sys.platform == "darwin" and sys._framework: return joinuser("~", "Library", "Python", "%d.%d" % sys.version_info[:2]) return joinuser("~", ".local") # Same to sysconfig.get_path('purelib','_user') def _get_path(userbase): version = sys.version_info if == 'nt': return f'{userbase}\\Python{version[0]}{version[1]}\\site-packages' if sys.platform == 'darwin' and sys._framework: return f'{userbase}/lib/python/site-packages' return f'{userbase}/lib/python{version[0]}.{version[1]}/site-packages'
[docs]def getuserbase(): """Returns the `user base` directory path. The `user base` directory can be used to store data. If the global variable ``USER_BASE`` is not initialized yet, this function will also set it. """ global USER_BASE if USER_BASE is None: USER_BASE = _getuserbase() return USER_BASE
[docs]def getusersitepackages(): """Returns the user-specific site-packages directory path. If the global variable ``USER_SITE`` is not initialized yet, this function will also set it. """ global USER_SITE userbase = getuserbase() # this will also set USER_BASE if USER_SITE is None: USER_SITE = _get_path(userbase) return USER_SITE
[docs]def addusersitepackages(known_paths): """Add a per user site-package to sys.path Each user has its own python directory with site-packages in the home directory. """ # get the per user site-package path # this call will also make sure USER_BASE and USER_SITE are set user_site = getusersitepackages() if ENABLE_USER_SITE and os.path.isdir(user_site): addsitedir(user_site, known_paths) return known_paths
[docs]def getsitepackages(prefixes=None): """Returns a list containing all global site-packages directories. For each directory present in ``prefixes`` (or the global ``PREFIXES``), this function will find its `site-packages` subdirectory depending on the system environment, and will return a list of full paths. """ dirname = os.path.dirname sitepackages = [] seen = set() if prefixes is None: prefixes = PREFIXES for prefix in prefixes: if not prefix or prefix in seen: continue seen.add(prefix) if os.sep == '/': sitepackages.append(os.path.join(prefix, "lib", "python%d.%d" % sys.version_info[:2], "site-packages")) else: sitepackages.append(prefix) sitepackages.append(os.path.join(prefix, "lib", "site-packages")) while prefix not in ('', '/'): if ( prefix.endswith('.app/Contents/Developer/Library/Frameworks') or prefix.endswith('CommandLineTools/Library/Frameworks') ): root = '/' elif ( prefix.endswith('AppleInternal/Library/Frameworks') or prefix.endswith('System/Library/Frameworks') ): root = dirname(dirname(dirname(prefix))) elif prefix.endswith('Library/Frameworks'): root = dirname(dirname(prefix)) else: root = None if root is not None: sitepackages.append(os.path.join(root, 'Library', 'Python', '%d.%d' % sys.version_info[:2], 'site-packages')) sitepackages.append(os.path.join(root, 'AppleInternal', 'Library', 'Python', '%d.%d' % sys.version_info[:2], 'site-packages')) sitepackages.append(os.path.join(root, 'AppleInternal', 'Tests', 'Python', '%d.%d' % sys.version_info[:2])) prefix = dirname(prefix) return sitepackages
[docs]def addsitepackages(known_paths, prefixes=None): """Add site-packages to sys.path""" for sitedir in getsitepackages(prefixes): if os.path.isdir(sitedir): addsitedir(sitedir, known_paths) return known_paths
[docs]def setquit(): """Define new builtins 'quit' and 'exit'. These are objects which make the interpreter exit when called. The repr of each object contains a hint at how it works. """ if os.sep == '\\': eof = 'Ctrl-Z plus Return' else: eof = 'Ctrl-D (i.e. EOF)' builtins.quit = _sitebuiltins.Quitter('quit', eof) builtins.exit = _sitebuiltins.Quitter('exit', eof)
[docs]def setcopyright(): """Set 'copyright' and 'credits' in builtins""" builtins.copyright = _sitebuiltins._Printer("copyright", sys.copyright) if sys.platform[:4] == 'java': builtins.credits = _sitebuiltins._Printer( "credits", "Jython is maintained by the Jython developers (") else: builtins.credits = _sitebuiltins._Printer("credits", """\ Thanks to CWI, CNRI,, Zope Corporation and a cast of thousands for supporting Python development. See for more information.""") files, dirs = [], [] # Not all modules are required to have a __file__ attribute. See # PEP 420 for more details. if hasattr(os, '__file__'): here = os.path.dirname(os.__file__) files.extend(["LICENSE.txt", "LICENSE"]) dirs.extend([os.path.join(here, os.pardir), here, os.curdir]) builtins.license = _sitebuiltins._Printer( "license", "See", files, dirs)
[docs]def sethelper(): = _sitebuiltins._Helper()
[docs]def enablerlcompleter(): """Enable default readline configuration on interactive prompts, by registering a sys.__interactivehook__. If the readline module can be imported, the hook will set the Tab key as completion key and register ~/.python_history as history file. This can be overridden in the sitecustomize or usercustomize module, or in a PYTHONSTARTUP file. """ def register_readline(): import atexit try: import readline import rlcompleter except ImportError: return # Reading the initialization (config) file may not be enough to set a # completion key, so we set one first and then read the file. readline_doc = getattr(readline, '__doc__', '') if readline_doc is not None and 'libedit' in readline_doc: readline.parse_and_bind('bind ^I rl_complete') else: readline.parse_and_bind('tab: complete') try: readline.read_init_file() except OSError: # An OSError here could have many causes, but the most likely one # is that there's no .inputrc file (or .editrc file in the case of # Mac OS X + libedit) in the expected location. In that case, we # want to ignore the exception. pass if readline.get_current_history_length() == 0: # If no history was loaded, default to .python_history. # The guard is necessary to avoid doubling history size at # each interpreter exit when readline was already configured # through a PYTHONSTARTUP hook, see: # history = os.path.join(os.path.expanduser('~'), '.python_history') try: readline.read_history_file(history) except OSError: pass def write_history(): try: readline.write_history_file(history) except (FileNotFoundError, PermissionError): # home directory does not exist or is not writable # pass atexit.register(write_history) sys.__interactivehook__ = register_readline
[docs]def venv(known_paths): global PREFIXES, ENABLE_USER_SITE env = os.environ if sys.platform == 'darwin' and '__PYVENV_LAUNCHER__' in env: executable = sys._base_executable = os.environ['__PYVENV_LAUNCHER__'] else: executable = sys.executable exe_dir, _ = os.path.split(os.path.abspath(executable)) site_prefix = os.path.dirname(exe_dir) sys._home = None conf_basename = 'pyvenv.cfg' candidate_confs = [ conffile for conffile in ( os.path.join(exe_dir, conf_basename), os.path.join(site_prefix, conf_basename) ) if os.path.isfile(conffile) ] if candidate_confs: virtual_conf = candidate_confs[0] system_site = "true" # Issue 25185: Use UTF-8, as that's what the venv module uses when # writing the file. with open(virtual_conf, encoding='utf-8') as f: for line in f: if '=' in line: key, _, value = line.partition('=') key = key.strip().lower() value = value.strip() if key == 'include-system-site-packages': system_site = value.lower() elif key == 'home': sys._home = value sys.prefix = sys.exec_prefix = site_prefix # Doing this here ensures venv takes precedence over user-site addsitepackages(known_paths, [sys.prefix]) # addsitepackages will process site_prefix again if its in PREFIXES, # but that's ok; known_paths will prevent anything being added twice if system_site == "true": PREFIXES.insert(0, sys.prefix) else: PREFIXES = [sys.prefix] ENABLE_USER_SITE = False return known_paths
[docs]def execsitecustomize(): """Run custom site specific code, if available.""" try: try: import sitecustomize except ImportError as exc: if == 'sitecustomize': pass else: raise except Exception as err: if sys.flags.verbose: sys.excepthook(*sys.exc_info()) else: sys.stderr.write( "Error in sitecustomize; set PYTHONVERBOSE for traceback:\n" "%s: %s\n" % (err.__class__.__name__, err))
[docs]def execusercustomize(): """Run custom user specific code, if available.""" try: try: import usercustomize except ImportError as exc: if == 'usercustomize': pass else: raise except Exception as err: if sys.flags.verbose: sys.excepthook(*sys.exc_info()) else: sys.stderr.write( "Error in usercustomize; set PYTHONVERBOSE for traceback:\n" "%s: %s\n" % (err.__class__.__name__, err))
[docs]def main(): """Add standard site-specific directories to the module search path. This function is called automatically when this module is imported, unless the python interpreter was started with the -S flag. """ global ENABLE_USER_SITE orig_path = sys.path[:] known_paths = removeduppaths() if orig_path != sys.path: # removeduppaths() might make sys.path absolute. # fix __file__ and __cached__ of already imported modules too. abs_paths() known_paths = venv(known_paths) if ENABLE_USER_SITE is None: ENABLE_USER_SITE = check_enableusersite() known_paths = addusersitepackages(known_paths) known_paths = addsitepackages(known_paths) setquit() setcopyright() sethelper() if not sys.flags.isolated: enablerlcompleter() execsitecustomize() if ENABLE_USER_SITE: execusercustomize()
# Prevent extending of sys.path when python was started with -S and # site is imported later. if not sys.flags.no_site: main() def _script(): help = """\ %s [--user-base] [--user-site] Without arguments print some useful information With arguments print the value of USER_BASE and/or USER_SITE separated by '%s'. Exit codes with --user-base or --user-site: 0 - user site directory is enabled 1 - user site directory is disabled by user 2 - uses site directory is disabled by super user or for security reasons >2 - unknown error """ args = sys.argv[1:] if not args: user_base = getuserbase() user_site = getusersitepackages() print("sys.path = [") for dir in sys.path: print(" %r," % (dir,)) print("]") print("USER_BASE: %r (%s)" % (user_base, "exists" if os.path.isdir(user_base) else "doesn't exist")) print("USER_SITE: %r (%s)" % (user_site, "exists" if os.path.isdir(user_site) else "doesn't exist")) print("ENABLE_USER_SITE: %r" % ENABLE_USER_SITE) sys.exit(0) buffer = [] if '--user-base' in args: buffer.append(USER_BASE) if '--user-site' in args: buffer.append(USER_SITE) if buffer: print(os.pathsep.join(buffer)) if ENABLE_USER_SITE: sys.exit(0) elif ENABLE_USER_SITE is False: sys.exit(1) elif ENABLE_USER_SITE is None: sys.exit(2) else: sys.exit(3) else: import textwrap print(textwrap.dedent(help % (sys.argv[0], os.pathsep))) sys.exit(10) if __name__ == '__main__': _script()